One of the primary tasks of public statistics is collecting and gathering of statistical data about the activity of entities of the national economy, life and situation of natural persons - directly from these entities and persons or from information systems of public administration.
The Central Statistical Office introduced Reporting Portal as the valid safe form of electronic transmission of statistical data. In accordance with the program of statistical surveys of public statistics the entities of the national economy, for which the reporting obligation was established, shall transmit data in the electronic form via the Portal. The Portal provide applications that allow to fill in the on-line application form. Signing in to the Portal is possible through previously activated account. For selected reports at http://form.stat.gov.pl/formularze/formularze.htm there are off-line applications that allows to fill in the application form without the direct connection to the Internet and then send it electronically to public statistics.
In all Statistical Offices there are Enquiry Surveys Divisions dealing with the implementation of social and agricultural statistical researches. Enquiry Surveys Divisions carry out continuous, cyclic and one-time surveys, also researches commissioned and on individual order, not covered by the program of statistical surveys of public statistics.
The census on population and housing, as well as the agricultural census are obligatory researches, carried out on the basis of the law on census:
National Census provides the most detailed information about the population, territorial distribution, the socio-demographic and professional structure , as well as of the socio-economic characteristics of households and families and their housing conditions and resources at all levels of the territorial division of the country;
Agricultural Census is conducted in order to provide information about general characteristics of agricultural holdings, land use, sown area, livestock and tractors, agricultural machinery and equipment, use of fertilizers, as well as persons working on the farms, the structure of the farm income, use of the support programs for agriculture and methods of agricultural production.
The bodies of the government administration and units of local self-government, other government agencies, the authorities who run official registers and Polish National Bank forward (free of charge) to the services of the public statistics collected administrative data in the scope, form and within the time limits defined each time within the surveys program of public statistics, in particular in the form of extracts from the registers, copies: data sets, collected declarations, documents and other official recording forms, the results of measurements, environmental monitoring data and provide data from databases of information systems.